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§ 2.4 Organization, Group, and Initiative Schema
NISTIR 8278, SWID documentation, and the UCF all have schema identifiers for content contributors as organizations. However, in further research, we have found that there is a slight difference between organizations, groups, and initiatives that have all created content. Here are the working definitions we are using to differentiate between them on this standard:
- Organization: A legal entity with both a headquarters and online domain with a particular purpose, especially a business, society, association, etc.
- Group: A formalized collection of people acting in accord with each other without forming a legal entity in and of itself. A Group can be a stand-alone group, or it can be a part of an Organization.
- Initiative: A formalized collection of people acting in accord with each other without forming a legal entity in and of itself brought together for a specific purpose and a limited timeframe. An Initiative is always a a part of an Organization or a part of a Group.
As such, the standard is designed to allow the same structure for all three described above.
The defining characteristics of an organization, group, or initiative are shown below. Some of this information will be automatically verified and updated through a collaboration with Clearbit.
Additional domain names used by an organization, group, or initiative.
A collection of email addresses.
A collection of addresses.
The category an Organization belongs to which includes additional characteristics.
A collection of phone numbers.